Canada ranks second on list of countries with highest consumption of opioids.

Acc. to International Narcotics Board data for years 2013-15, Canada in on second rank in case of opioid consumption

Canada is now the second-largest per capita consumer of prescription opioids (exceeded only by the United States), according to the International Narcotics Control Board (2013). This makes it one of the leading public health and safety concerns across North America.

Canada is facing an urgent challenge: to reduce the harms associated with psychoactive prescription drugs while ensuring people have timely and appropriate access to them for therapeutic reasons.

Consumption in doses, per million people per day .

Some First Nations in Canada have declared a community crisis owing to the prevalence of the harms associated with prescription drugs.