Myanmar’s military buildup and rising bloodshed, according to the UN’s human rights head.

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The UN human rights head has warned of a military buildup and escalating violence in regions of Myanmar, with the army using heavy weaponry against armed groups as well as civilian targets, including churches.

Over 108,000 people have fled their homes in eastern Kayah state in the last three weeks, according to Michelle Bachelet’s administration, which highlighted “reliable claims” that security forces have shelled civilian homes and churches and restricted humanitarian aid access.

“The Tatmadaw, Myanmar’s military, has a duty to protect people,” Bachelet, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, stated. “The international community must unite in demanding that the Tatmadaw stop using heavy artillery on civilians and civilian objects,” said the UN.

The military, which deposed Aung San Suu Kyi’s democratic government in February, has encountered enormous opposition to its authority, which began with enormous nonviolent protests. Following the use of lethal force by military and police to disperse peaceful protests, a low-level armed insurgency has erupted in both the city and the countryside.

According to reputable accounts, security forces have murdered at least 860 people since February 1, largely during protests, while more than 4,800 individuals including activists, journalists, and junta opponents have been detained arbitrarily.

“Malaysia has gone from a shaky democracy to a human rights catastrophe in just over four months,” Bachelet added. “The military leadership is solely to blame for the catastrophe, and they must be held accountable.” Bachelet’s office said she will brief the UN’s top human rights body, the Human Rights Council, at its next session in July.